THE PROFILE OF COGNITIVE FUNCTION OF PATIENTS HIV/AIDS IN Dr. SAIFUL ANWAR MALANG HOSPITAL

Authors

  • Herpan Syafii Harahap Laboratorium Neurologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya, Malang
  • Sri Budhi Rianawati Laboratorium Neurologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya, Malang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.mnj.2015.001.01.1

Keywords:

HIV/AIDS, cognitive function, MMSE, CDT

Abstract

Background. HIV/AIDS caused cellular immunodeficiency (the depletion of CD4+). This, in turn, raised many complications, such as HIV-associated dementia (HIV-D).Objective. To know the profile of cognitive function of patients of HIV/AIDS tretaed in Dr. Saiful Anwar Malang Hospital.Methods. This was a descriptive study using cross-sectional design. This study was conducted to 41 patients of HIV/AIDS treated in Dr. Saiful Anwar Malang Hospital during January to February 2012 (n=41). The cognitive function was assessed by using Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Clock Drawing Test (CDT) instruments.Results. In MMSE, Number of patients showing total score 0-16 were 9 (21.95%), those showing total score 17-23 were 25 (60.98%), and those showing total score 24-30 were 7 (17.07%) . In CDT, 37 patients showed decrease of cognitive function (CDT<4), the remainder showed normal cognitive function. All of patients showing total score of both MMSE and CDT below normal limit, showed low level of CD4 (< 200 sel/µL). Patients showing normal cognitive function on CDT, also showing the same result on MMSE.Conclusion. Most of patients in this study showed the decrease of cognitive function.

References

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Published

2015-01-01

How to Cite

Harahap, H. S., & Rianawati, S. B. (2015). THE PROFILE OF COGNITIVE FUNCTION OF PATIENTS HIV/AIDS IN Dr. SAIFUL ANWAR MALANG HOSPITAL. MNJ (Malang Neurology Journal), 1(1), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.mnj.2015.001.01.1

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Section

Research Article