Shahdevi Nandar Kurniawan
  MNJ, pp. 30-39  


The ability to recognize objects and words is not just depend on the integrity of visual pathway and  primary vision area on cerebral cortex (Brodmann area 17), but also secondary vision area 18 and tertiary vision area 19 on occipital lobe. Lesion in occipital lobe could disturb of human visual function such as visual field defects, inability to recognize colors, inability to recognize words, visual hallucinations and illusions, occipital lobe epilepsy, and Anton’s syndrome. Some causes of occipital lobe lesion are head trauma, chemical intoxicity, neoplasma, stroke, degenerative disease, and vascular disease. Prognosis of occipital lobe syndrome is depend on the initial condition but prognosis from the majority of cases with occipital lobe lesions is not good because the exact intervention is not discovered yet and included one of
irreversible disease.


visual cortex; occipital lobe

Full Text:



Tootell, R. B. H., and N. Hadjikhani. Where is dorsal V4 in human visual cortex? Retinotopic, topographic and functional evidence. Cereb Cortex. 2001 Apr;11(4):298-311.

Kolb, Bryan. Fundamentals of Human Neuropsychology. New York, NY: Worth Publishers. 2009;13:p318-342.

D. Clark, N. Boutros, M. Mendez. The Brain and Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Neuroanatomy. Cambridge University Press: Third Edition. 2010.

Srikant, Gadwalkar. Case Report : Anton’s Syndrome and Cortical Blindness. Indian Journal of Clinical Practice. 2012;23:2.p106.

Kotchabhakdi, Naiphinich. The Occipital Lobes. Institute of Molecular Bioscience, Mahidol University Salaya Campus, Thailand. 2011.

Werz, A. Mary. Chapter Fifteen: Occipital Lobe Epilepsy. Saunders: Epilepsy Syndrome, 1st ed. 2011.


  • There are currently no refbacks.