Nila Novia Putri, Mohamad Saiful Islam, Imam Subadi
  MNJ, pp. 65-71  


Background. Stroke is the world’s second leading cause of death and main cause of disability. Smoking is a well-known risk factor of stroke. However, the correlation between smoking and stroke outcome is still remains a controversy.
Objective. To analyze the differences of functional outcome between smokers and non-smokers in acute ischemic stroke patients.
Methods. The design used in this study is retrospective cross-sectional. The functional outcomes of acute ischemic stroke were measured by Canadian Neurologic Scale (CNS) and NIHSS over a period of seven days after the onset of stroke. Differences of CNS and NIHSS were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U test.
Results. Median of CNS in smokers and non-smokers were 9.0 and 11.0, respectively. Median of NIHSS in smokers and non-smokers were 4.0 and 2.0, respectively. There were no significant differences in the analysis of CNS score between smokers and non-smokers and NIHSS score analysis between smokers and non-smokers.
Conclusion. Smoking is not correlated with the functional outcome in acute ischemic stroke patients measured by CNS and NIHSS.


Ischemic stroke; NIHSS; Canadian Neurological Scale; functional outcome; smoking

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