• Orlando Pikatan Faculty Medicine of Hang Tuah University, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Ellen Ferlita Tirtana Faculty Medicine of Hang Tuah University, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Kezia Seraphine Faculty Medicine of Hang Tuah University, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Wienta Diarsvitri Faculty Medicine of Hang Tuah University, Surabaya, Indonesia



cerebral malaria, biomarkers in malaria, severe malaria


Malaria remains a public health concern and remain the deadliest in infectious disease in the world. Cerebral malaria is a particularly severe complication of this disease and associated with high mortality. This literature review is made up from 19 literatures consisting of journals, and book. The literature review used data base, and using “cerebral malaria and biomarker, predictor of cerebral malaria and treatment of severe malaria”. The languages for this journal are English and Indonesian. From the collection of literatures in this literature review, severe consists of cerebral malaria, blackwater fever, acute kidney injury, pulmonary edema, electrolyte disturbance, hematology disturbance, and obstetrics emergency resulting from malaria which is postpartum hemorrhage. Cerebral malaria increases the mortality of the patient, so they have to be diagnosed early and treated precisely. Patients with infection of plasmodium falciparum and GCS<11 must be suspected as cerebral malaria. Biomarker examination such as Soluble ICAM-1, Specific muscle’s protein, Angiopoetin-1 and 2, and Plasma microparticles is the most precise way to detect malarial emergency earlier Coma Acidosis Malaria score is also found to be useful in predicting the prognosis in cerebral malaria. Early diagnosis should be made as early as possible to reduce mortality from malaria and its emergencies.


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How to Cite

Pikatan, O., Tirtana, E. F. ., Seraphine, K. ., & Diarsvitri, W. . (2022). BIOMARKERS AND PROGNOSTIC SCORING IN CEREBRAL MALARIA. Malang Neurology Journal, 8(2), 140–143.