THE EFFECT OF GLUT4 EXPRESSION IN HIPPOCAMPAL NEURONS TO SPATIAL MEMORY OF DIABETES-INDUCED RATTUS NOVERGICUS

Herpan Syafii Harahap, Novrita Padauleng, Rizka Vidya Lestari, Nurhidayati Nurhidayati, Anak Agung Ayu Niti Wedayani, Putu Suwita Sari, Hifdzil Haq Muliyana, Ngakan Putu Proudy Laksmana, Aliza Raudatin Sahly
  MNJ, pp. 114-119  

Abstract


Background: Identification of appropriate biomarker involved in the pathophysiology of diabetes-associated cognitive decline in animal model is necessary. Glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) is the component of insulin-dependent neuronal signaling pathway needed for maintaining cognitive function. It is highly expressed in hippocampal neurons.

Objective: To investigate the effect of GLUT4 expression in hippocampal neurons on the spatial memory of diabetes-induced Rattus novergicus.

Methods: This experimental study used 24 male Rattus novergicus divided into control groups terminated on day-0 (C0), 14 (C1) and 28 (C2) and diabetic groups terminated on day-0 (D0), 14 (D1) and 28 (D2). Diabetes was induced using streptozotocin injections intraperitoneally. Spatial memory (travel time) of rats was assessed on day-14 and 28. Brain tissue sampling was performed for assessment of GLUT4 expression using immunohistochemical methods. Significant differences in means of GLUT4 expression and travel time between groups on day-0, 14 and 28 as well as correlation between means of GLUT4 expression and travel time in D1 and D2 were analyzed statistically.

Results: The mean of GLUT4 expression in diabetic group was significantly higher compared to control on day-14, but not on day-0 and 28. The immunohistochemical examination confirmed this results. There were no significant differences in mean of travel time between control and diabetic groups on day-14 and 28. There were no significant correlation between means of GLUT4 expression and travel time in diabetic groups on day-14 and 28.

Conclusion: The GLUT4 expression of hippocampal neurons did not significantly affect spatial memory of diabetes-induced Rattus novergicus.


Keywords


GLUT4; spatial memory; diabetes mellitus; cognitive decline; animal model

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