EFFECT OF THREE MINUTE STEP TEST ON COGNITION AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS

Srista Manadhar, Sunit Chettri, Karishma Rajbhandari Pandey, Nirmala Limbu, Dharanidhar Baral, Dipesh Raj Pandey
  MNJ, pp. 120-124  

Abstract


Background: Regular physical exercise is linked to produce beneficial influence on cognitive functions. Cognition can be evaluated by Stroop test where a person's selective attention capacity, skills and processing speed are assessed. Limited work has been done to explore the acute effect of exercise on cognition.

Objective: To assess whether acute exposure to submaximal aerobic exercise of three minutes can bring changes in the cognitive function (selective attention and cognitive processing ability). The secondary objective was to assess the physical fitness index of medical students.

Methods: Twenty  four apparently  healthy third year male medical students of BPKIHS (B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences) having  mean  age  of  22.33 ± 1.09 years, body height and weight of 170.10 ± 5.85 cm of 65.38 ± 8.84 kg respectively were recruited. A computer based online version of Stroop Test was done to identify cognitive performance in resting sitting position. Then participants were asked to perform 3 min step test. A recovery time of 5 min was given post exercise and Stroop Test was assessed again. Statistical analysis was done using Paired T test. Data are expressed in mean and SD. Level of significance is considered at p<0.05.

Results: The reaction time to Stroop Test was significantly reduced after acute physical exercise (before exercise (43.37 ± 7.7s) vs after exercise (36.14 ± 3.6s), p = 0.001). However, no significant difference in the number of correct response to Stroop Test before (19.71 ± 1.08) and after (19.79 ± 0.51) the acute exercise (p=0.575) was observed.

Conclusion: Acute bout of aerobic physical exercise improves attention and execution aspects of cognitive function as measured by Stroop Test in young medical students.

Keywords


Cognition; medical students; Stroop test

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bohannon RW, Bubela DJ, Wang Y-C, et al. Six-minute walk test vs three-minute step test for measuring functional endurance. J strength Cond Res; 2015; 29(11):3240–3244.

DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000253

Bhattacharyya D, Sen S, Chatterjee S, et al. Effect of queen’s college step test on cognitive performance among young adults. J Biol Exer; 2017. 13: 59–75. DOI: 10.4127/jbe.2017.0116

Jurca R, Jackson AS, LaMonte MJ, et al. Assessing cardiorespiratory fitness without performing exercise testing. Am J Prev Me; 2005. 29(3): 185–193.

DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2005.06.004

Sundström Poromaa I, Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing-from a reproductive perspective. Front Neurosci; 2014. 8:380.

DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380

Debray P, Biswas S, Biswas P, et al. Effect of step up exercise on cognitive attention with stroop test in Bengali male college students. Asian J Med Sci; 2015. 6(6):66–69.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v6i6.12602

Stroop Test Online.com - © 2005 - 2018. Accessed on May 15, 2018. http://www.onlinestrooptest.com/

Vidoni ED, Mattlage A, Mahnken J, et al. Validity of the step test for exercise prescription: No extension to a larger age range. J Aging Phys Act; 2013. 21(4): 444–454. DOI:10.1123/japa21.4.444

Anderson J. YMCA bench step test for cardiovascular fitness. Published; 2008. Accessed April 27, 2018. Avalaible from: https://thehubedu-production.s3.amazonaws.com/uploads/3/fd00fae8-7453-45bf-96bb-705135c0ba27/YMCA_Bench_Step_Test_for_Cardiovascular_Fitness.pdf.

Gondola JC. The effects of a single bout of aerobic dancing on selected tests of creativity. J Soc Behav Personal; 1987. 2(2): 275–278. [Google Scholar]

Hillman CH, Pontifex MB, Raine LB, et al. The effect of acute treadmill walking on cognitive control and academic achievement in preadolescent children. Neuroscience; 2009. 159(3): 1044–1054. doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2009.01.057

Pontifex MB, Saliba BJ, Raine LB, et al. Exercise improves behavioral, neurocognitive, and scholastic performance in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J Pediat; 2013. 162(3): 543–551. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.08.036

Yanagisawa H, Dan I, Tsuzuki D, et al. Acute moderate exercise elicits increased dorsolateral prefrontal activation and improves cognitive performance with Stroop test. Neuroimage; 2010. 50(4): 1702–1710.

DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.12.023

Kamijo K, Nishihira Y, Higashiura T, et al. The interactive effect of exercise intensity and task difficulty on human cognitive processing. Int J Psychophysiol; 2007. 65(2): 114–121.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2007.04.001

Kashihara K, Maruyama T, Murota M, et al. Positive effects of acute and moderate physical exercise on cognitive function. J Physiol Anthropol; 2009. 28(4): 155–164. DOI: 10.2114/jpa2.28.155

Antunes HKM, Santos RF, Cassilhas R, et al. Reviewing on physical exercise and the cognitive function. Rev Bras Med do Esporte; 2006. 12: 108–114. DOI: 10.1590/S1517-86922006000200011

Gutin B. Exercise-Induced Activation and human performance: A review. Res Quarterly Am Assoc Heal Phys Educ Recreat; 1973. 44:256–268.

DOI: doi.org/10.1080/10671188.1973.10615204

Etnier J, Salazar W, Landers D, et al. The influence of physical fitness and exercise upon cognitive functioning: A meta-analysis. J Sport Exerc Psychol; 1997. 19(3):249–74.

DOI: doi.org/10.1123/jsep.19.3.249

Cian C, Barraud PA, Melin B, et al. Effects of fluid ingestion on cognitive function after heat stress or exercise-induced dehydration. Int J Psychophysiol Off J Int Organ Psychophysiol; 2001. 42(3):243–251. DOI: 10.1016/s0167-8760(01)00142-8

Chang YK, Labban JD, Gapin JI, et al. The effects of acute exercise on cognitive performance: A meta-analysis. Brain Res; 2012. 1453:87–101.

DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2012.02.068.

McMorris T, Sproule J, Turner A, et al. Acute, intermediate intensity exercise, and speed and accuracy in working memory tasks: A meta-analytical comparison of effects. Physiol Behav; 2011. 102:421–428. DOI: doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2010.12.007

Chatterjee S, Chatterjee P, Mukherjee PS, et al. Validity of Queen’s College step test for use with young Indian men. Br J Sports Med; 2004. 38(3): 289–291. DOI: 10.1136/bjsm.2002.002212

Rivarti AW, Herawati L, Hidayati HB. Exercise prevents age-related memory decline: the role of neurotrophic factors. MNJ; 2020.6(2): 88-94. DOI: 10.21776/ub.mnj.2020.006.02.8.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.