Nabilah Hasna Imami, Yudha Haryono, Anggraini Dwi Sensusiati, Muhammad Hamdan, Hanik Badriyah Hidayati
  MNJ, pp. 12-16  


Background: Dementia is a clinical syndrome characterized by progressive loss of cognitive function in elderly people interferes  the ability to function independently. The number of elderly patients increased so fast in worldwide. The prevalence of dementia rapidly increases due to increasing of population. Aging demographic transition is proceeding rapidly especially in China, India, and Latin America, where dementia is rapidly becoming the major public health problem. Demographic data of elderly patients of dementia in Indonesia is still a little. Dementia’s research data in Indonesia were only obtained  from Bali and Yogyakarta, while data from Surabaya were not obtained. Our research data is taken from Dr. General Hospital Soetomo Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia. This study is important for dementia epidemiological data and baseline data for further treatment of dementia patients in Surabaya.

Objective: The purpose of this study to determine the characteristics profile of elderly patients  with dementia in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.

Methods: Sampling was done with purposive sampling by observing the medical records of patients in the period of January 2017 to December 2017 based on inclusion and exclusion criterias that have been set. The data was taken from the patient's medical record which had been written and examined by neurologists from the neurology department in the neurobehaviour sub-department of Dr. Soetomo Surabaya.

Results: The majority of dementia patients are men (51,7%); the age group which is most at risk for dementia is between age of  75-79 years; most of the patients are jobless; more than half of patients are high school graduates; and Vascular Dementia (VaD) is the type of dementia that  most people suferred

Conclusion: This characteristic’s data of dementia can be used for providing information about dementia to make public health care provides a better facillities and treatment for elderly patients to prevent dementia burden.


Dementia, characteristic, elderly

Full Text:



Scott KR, Barrett AM. Dementia syndromes : evaluation and treatment. 2008;7(4):407-422.

DOI: 10.1586/14737175.7.4.407.Dementia

Parle M. Dementia: An Overview. 2017;(August). DOI: 10.15415/jptrm.2014.21003

Pujades-Rodriguez M, Assi V, Gonzalez-Izquierdo A, et al. Correction: The diagnosis, burden and prognosis of dementia: A record-linkage cohort study in England

PLoS One; 2018. 13(7):1-12.

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0201213

Dening T, Sandilyan B, Dementia M, Standard N. Dementia : Definitions and types; 2015:37-42.

DOI: 10.7748/ns.29.37.37.e9405

Podcasy JL, Epperson CN. Considering sex and gender in Alzheimer disease and other dementias. Dialogues Clin Neurosci; 2016. 18(4):437-446. Available from:

Wu Y, Brayne C, Matthews FE. Prevalence of dementia in East Asia : A synthetic review of time trends; 2015. 793-801. DOI: 10.1002/gps.4297

Rizzi L, Rosset I, Roriz-Cruz M. Global epidemiology of dementia: Alzheimer’s and vascular types. Biomed Res Int; 2014. 2014 (Figure 1).

DOI: 10.1155/2014/908915

Crimmins EM. Lifespan and Healthspan : Past , present , and promise; 2015. 55(6):901-911.

DOI: 10.1093/geront/gnv130

State C, Trends F. The epidemiology and impact of dementia current state of dementia : Current state and; 2010. Available from:

Ridzuan SA, Darussalam SE, Hisham NHM, et al. a Review of burden of caregivers of patients with alzheimer’s disease. MNJ (Malang Neurol Journal); 2019. 5(1):42-45.


Journal M. Clinical and radiologic approach to probable mixed dementia (vascular dementia and progressive supranuclear palsy). MNJ (Malang Neurol Journal); 2020. 6(1):44-48.

DOI: 10.21776/ub.mnj.2020.006.01.10

El C, Mcguinness B, Herron B, Ap P. Dementia; 2015. 84(April): 79-87. Available from:

Beam CR, Kaneshiro C, Jang JY, Reynolds CA, Pedersen NL, Gatz M. Differences between women and men in incidence rates of dementia and alzheimer’s disease. J Alzheimer’s Dis; 2018. 64(4):1077-1083. DOI: 10.3233/JAD-180141

WHO Indonesia; 2016. Avalaible form:

Statista. Average life expectancy in Europe for those born in 2019, by gender and region (in years). Avalaible form: Published 2019.

Sikoki B, Witoelar F. Menggugah lahirnya kebijakan kelanjutusiaan menggugah lahirnya kebijakan kelanjutusiaan; 2018. Available from:

Guure CB, Ibrahim NA, Adam MB, Said S. Impact of physical activity on cognitive decline , dementia , and its subtypes : Meta-analysis of prospective studies; 2017. 2017(1). DOI :10.1155/2017/9016924

Effendi AD, Mardijana A, Dewi R. Relationship between physical activity and dementia incidence in elderly of UPT Pelayanan Sosial Lanjut Usia Jember. e-jurnal Pustaka Kesehat; 2014;2(2). ISSN: 2355-178X. Available from:

WHO. Indonesia: WHO Statistical Profile.; 2015.

Lourida I, Moore SF, Deborah A, et al. HHS Public Access; 2018. 14(11):1416-1426.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jalz.2018.06.3061.Stroke

Johnson KA, Fox NC, Sperling RA, Klunk WE. Brain imaging in alzheimer disease; 2012. 1-24.

DOI: 10.1101/cshperspect.a006213.

Custodio N, Montesinos R, Lira D, Bardales Y. Mixed dementia: A review of the evidence; 2017. 11(4):364-370. DOI:10.1590/1980-57642016dn11-040005

Aarsland D, Wilhelm M. Journal of the neurological sciences the epidemiology of dementia associated with parkinson disease. J Neurol Sci; 2010;289(1-2):18-22. DOI:10.1016/j.jns.2009.08.034


  • There are currently no refbacks.