EFFECT OF DATE FRUIT (PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA L.) EXTRACT ON TNFα LEVELS AND BRAIN WEIGHT OF ALZHEIMER’S MODEL RATS

Authors

  • Elita Marintan Pascasarjana S2 Gizi Klinik, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Brian Wasita
  • Adi Magna

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.mnj.2022.008.01.6

Keywords:

Alzheimer's, TNFα, date palm extract, brain weight, inflammation

Abstract

Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a  neurodegenerative disorder marked by brain inflammation resulted in structural damage and brain dysfunction. Tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) is a cytokine that plays an important role in inflammation. Dates fruit may help to fight oxidative stress and inflammation in the brain.Objective: To determine the effect of date fruit extracts on blood TNFα levels and brain weight of alzheimer’s model rats.Methods: This research is a laboratory experimental study by post-test only with control group design using alzheimer model rats. This study used 6 treatment groups with simple randomization. Each treatment group was represented by 8 Sprague Dawley rats. The normal control group (KN) was not induced by Hcy and was not given date palm extract, the negative control group (K-) was the Alzheimer's experimental rats which was not given the date palm extract, the positive group was the Alzheimer's experimental rats which was given the Donepezil (K+). Groups P1, P2, P3 were Alzheimer's experimental rats that were given date palm extract at a dose of 200, 400,800 mg / kgBW / day. The effect of date palm extract dosage on TNFα levels and brain weight were analyzed using the One Way Anova test followed by Tukey's post hoc test.Results: The difference in TNFα levels between groups showed a significant difference (p = 0.00). Meanwhile there was no significant difference in brain weight among all groups (p > 0,05). Conclusion: Date palm extract at doses of 200, 400, 800 mg / kgBW can decrease blood TNFα levels of Alzheimer’s model rats.

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Published

2021-12-27

How to Cite

Marintan, E., Wasita, B., & Magna, A. (2021). EFFECT OF DATE FRUIT (PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA L.) EXTRACT ON TNFα LEVELS AND BRAIN WEIGHT OF ALZHEIMER’S MODEL RATS. Malang Neurology Journal, 8(1), 25–29. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.mnj.2022.008.01.6

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Research Article