MANIFESTATIONS OF HIV AIDS IN CASE NEUROLOGY : EPIDEMIOLOGY STUDY AT SAIFUL ANWAR HOSPITAL YEAR 2013-2014

Badrul Munir, Didi Candradikusuma
  MNJ, pp. 7-11  

Abstract


Background. Complications of HIV-AIDS cases neurological disorders is quite high and also very high mortality, but so far the data on disease epidemiology in Indonesia is still very limited.
Objective: To determine the pattern of HIV-AIDS disease involving the nervous system in patients admitted to hospital Saiful Anwar.
Methods. This prospective cohort study with a record of all patients with HIV-AIDS didagnosis manifest neurological disorders treated in an isolation room for HIV-AIDS Saiful Anwar Hospital for 1 year
(September 2013- August 2014).
Results. During 12 months acquired HIV-AIDS with neurological disorders as many as 23 patients (38.3% of all patients with an infection of the nervous system) with an average age of 48 years. Male gender 47.83%) and 52.17% of women. Number of CD4+ average of 24 / microliter, while the average number of leucocytes 9675/uL, while the most common sequence of disease; 39.1% of cerebral toxoplasmosis, tuberculosis meningoencephalitis 21.7%, 17.4% viral encephalitis, bacterial meningoencephalitis 13%, 4.3% dementia, cerebral abscess 4.3%. The mortality rate is still high, ranging from 57.6%.
Conclusion. Manifestations of HIV AIDS in the field of neurology is very high, cerebral toxoplasmosis is the most common diagnosis, and correlated with the levels of CD4+. The mortality rate of HIV-AIDS cases
manifesting high neurology.

Keywords


AIDS; encephalitis; HIV; cerebral toxoplasmosis

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